Rome, 12 May 2006. In this last month two high intensity earthquakes was recordered. The first one (on 20-21 of April) occurred in Eastern Russia, while the last one (on 03 of May) was in Tonga Islands. In both circumstances our Magnetic Sensor recorded a series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves, which lasted for hours. Recordings indicate that a group (hundreds) of stars, belonging to star clusters, were falling on a quasar. The most of stars (e.g. center of cluster) had a mass quite high (approx. 20-30 solar masses), as it results fom the period of waves.
The quite low amplitude of waves (e.g. respect to Sumatra tsunami on 26/12/2003 and Sumatra earthquake on 28/03/2005) indicates a larger distance from us of these events.

20-21 April, 2006 recording: 1, 2, 3

03 May, 2006 recording: 1, 2, 3

Rome, 21 January 2006. During the Southern Greece earthquake occurred on 08/01/2006 our Magnetic Sensor recorded a new series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves, which lasted for about 10 minutes The period of waves indicates that the mass of each falling star is only few solar mass.

08 January, 2006 recording: 1

On 05/12/2005, instead, our Magnetic Sensor recorded a quite small series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves, which lasted for about 20 minutes during Tanganyika lake earthquake in the central Africa. The event was due to a small group of stars (few tens) of a small star cluster falling on a quasar.
The mass of each falling star was quite big (10-20 solar mass) as it results fom the period of waves. The amplitude of these waves is low, which indicates that the quasar was not a big one.

05 December, 2005 recording: 1

Rome, 07 November 2005. The discovery of the existence of Multiple Nucleus Quasars (MNQ), through the recording of high intensity gravitational waves (``forks'') we have been performing for more than 10 years with our detector, has allowed us to understand what Universe is made of and how it works (see Matter and Universe Part_2 for more details).

Rome, 14 October 2005. Recordings made by our Magnetic Sensor on 08/10/2005, during the high intensity earthquake happened in Pakistan, show a new series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves which lasted for about 1 hour.
It is a very similar event recorded during Sumatra earthquakes on 26/12/2004 and on 28/03/2005.
The graph show, in the first five minutes of recording,
Very likely, the event was due to a small group of stars (few hundreds) of a small star cluster falling on a massive celestial boby such as a quasar.
In the first series of waves, which lasted for approx. 5 minutes, single waves have a time duration of 2-3 seconds, so that the mass of these stars is only few solar masses (stars in the peripheral of cluster).
In the second series of waves, which lasted for approx. 10 minutes, single waves have a time duration of 10-15 seconds so that their mass is larger (stars in the center of cluster).
The quasar's mass should be small because of the amplitude of gravitational waves is low.

08 October, 2005 recording: 1, 2, 3

Rome, 07 September 2005. On 22 of August an earthquake occurred near Rome of 4.5 magnitudo and also our magnetic sensor detected it. The recording, reported on the graph, shows (quite undamped) oscillations with a period 10 times shorter than ones recorded during Sumatra tsunami on 26/12/2004.
In this case, oscillations detected by the balance are due to the mechanical resonance of building where the sensor is placed (5th floor).
No gravitational waves has been detected by the magnetic sensor.
The occurrence allowed us to know the mechanical resonance of the system.

08 October, 2005 recording: 1, 2

Rome, 12 July 2005. Following our magnetic sensor recording on 26/12/2004, in concomitance with tsunami in the Island of Sumatra, someones asked if the high intensity electromagnetic event (SGR 1806-20) recorded on 27/12/2004, has, in some way, to be related to the previous one. We, also, said that electromagnetic waves, because of their interaction with the matter, keep more time to reach us than the gravitational ones because of their interaction with matter.
The two recorded events were not related each other because of the gravitational event we recorded was generated by the falling on a super-massive body like a (common) quasar or a nucleus of a Multiple Nucleus Quasar of a series (about a thousand) of stars, and the delay between the two events is too small considering the distance where the electromagnetic event took place (it was generated by a magnetic star inside our galaxy, at a distance of approx. 50,000 light-years).
To such respect we want, also, to remark the following.

  1. Gravitational waves interact with the magnetic field of stars and planets. Due to this interaction heat is generated, which is directely proportional to the magnetic field intensity.
  2. Stars with high magnetic fields have big impacts with gravitational waves and the heat released is very high and able to light again a star to end of its life or, even, to explode it.
  3. It is well known that there exist (neutrons) stars that travel through the space at quite high speed and changing suddently direction (zig-zaging). Such a stars because of their huge magnetic field are pushed by the gravitational wave in the same direction of the wave (the variation of magnetic permeability due to gravitational wave produces a force that opposes to cause that generate it).
  4. Magnetic stars behave in a way very similar to our magnetic sensor and represent the most powerful sensors for gravitational waves we have today. Unfortunately, they are too distant from us.
  5. In the case of Sun, gravitational waves heat it up in a well perceivable way, as it is shown in the Figure which compares the gravitational activity recorded in these last 10 years with Sun irradiance. This comparison shows, quite well, that there are only 3-4 month of delay, which makes us to guess that such an heating process take place almost in the surface. Such an extra-energy generated on the Sun has not a thermonuclear origin but gravitational, and the so-called missing neutrinos problem doesn't have reason to exist anymore!
  6. On the Earth it would be present, also, a similar phenomenon, which explain to us the origin of the heat coming from inside and it is not, as someboby is continuing to insist, due to the radioactivity inside it. We have been able to notice in these years of recordings the strong relation (with only few months of delay) between gravitational waves and vulcanism.
  7. Analysis of surveys made by satellite SOHO show very well the existence of correlations between Sun irradiance and Earth temperature, but it is not considered seriously today, because of they do not succeed in explaining how so small differences can produce variations sensitive effects on the Earth. Between Sun and Earth there would not be any cause-effect relationship, but only a "common cause" represented by gravitational waves hiting both. That would put off-side any greenhouse effect!
  8. After all, similar phenomena are also present in other planets of our solar system that posses a quite strong magnetic field as Neptune, for instance, which is under observation with care by Hubble space telescope.
  9. Since the beginning 2004 we have noticed a reduction of the gravitational "activity" as well as a decreasing of detector average signal. In the first months of 2005 such a decrease has become higher.

Rome, 18 April 2005. Informations concerning the costruction and set up of our CdS Detector have been included.

Rome, 06 April 2005. Recordings made by our Magnetic Sensor on 28/03/2005, during the high intensity earthquake happened in the Indian Ocean (North of Sumatra island), show a series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves which lasted for about 3 hours. Time on the graphs is GMT+2 hrs (Italy time).

28 March, 2005 recording: 1a, 1b, 2, 3

The graph show, in the first half an hour of recording, a quite similar event recorded on 26/12/2004 during Sumatra Island tsunami which consists of a series of gravitational waves due to a some tens of stars falling on a very massive celestial body such as a quasar. The single waves last approx. 2-3 seconds, so that the mass of these objest is of few solar masses (less than ones recorded on 26/12/2004). The last parth of the graph, shows a quite different phenomenon: a series of gravitational oscillations with a period of approx. 20 seconds whose amplitude is being modulated. This second event lasted for approx. 2 hours.
At present , we have no idea about it. We may guess that some more massive stars (tens of solar masses each) had, during their falling on the surface, a kind of pulsating (gravitational) instability.

Rome, 11 February 2005. Looking through Magnetic Sensor past recording, we found out an event occurred on 25/11/2005 similar to one occurred on 26/12/2004. In this case all the event lasted approx. 5 minutes and the number of objects involved is a ten, with one of them more massive then others. It seems to be something like a solar system.

25 November, 2004 recording: 1

Rome, 04 January 2005. Recordings made on 26/12/2004 by our Magnetic Sensor (which is placed on a high precision balance) during the series of earthquakes happened in the Indian Ocean (Sumatra island) are also included. Recordings shows a series of short time-duration Gravitational Waves which lasted for about 2 hours. The time on these graphs is GMT+1 hr (Italy time). As shown on the graphs, gravitational waves arrived to Earth approx. 15 minutes later than official time (00:58:53) (see NEIC/USGS). Very likely, such a time difference of a ten of minutes is due to uncertainties inside earthquakes calculations.
The cosmic event that generates such a series of gravitational waves seems due to a group (hundreds, probably a globular cluster) of quite big stars (few tens of solar masses each) falling on a very massive celestial body (e.g. common quasar living in the center of an old spiral galaxy or on a nucleus of a Multiple Nucleus Quasar living inside a galaxy cluster), not too far from us.
These relatively "small" intensity gravitational waves are generated by the collapsing of stars and other small objects falling on the massive body (time ofcollapsing approx. dimensions/speed-of-light). The graph shows small (periferal) objects falled first, than the more massive ones (living in the center) and followed by other small (and very small) objects. Because of Gravitational Waves travel through the space without any distortions and/or changes of direction, they will arrive before the Electromagnetic Waves generated by the same event.
We suggest to keep alert through the sky. If the event occurred quite near from us, such e.m. radiation might be detected shortly in the future as well.
Our CdS Detectors, instead, which are more precise and suitable to detect long time-duration Gravitational Waves, have recorded a quite a lot of small intensity, fast time-variations of signals.

25 November, 2004 recording: 1, 2

Magnetic Sensor changes its weight when a gravitational wave pass through it. Its operating is due to variations of magnetic permeability of "vacuum" produced by gravitational waves.
Therefore, Mawell equations are not useful to describe such an effect because they consider the magnetic permeability of "vacuum" as constant.
Faraday original formulation for the Laws of Electromagnetism, in terms of "physical" lines of force, seems to work quite well. The force the sensor generates results as directely proportional to time-variations (derivative respect to time) of the speed-of-light (e.g. inverselyproportional to time-variations of magnetic permeabilty).

Rome, 10 September 2004: On 23rd of August the data acquisition system of Detector N. 1 failed and was out of service until 1 September. Also the one-day manual readings were not available and the graph was completed with the help of Detector N. 3 data.
A quite big "fork" with 8.5 days of distance between the peaks has been detected. The redshift of this collapse is z= 6.0 and the distance from us, at the time of collapsing, was 86 % of the visible Universe radius.

After more than one year of a "gravitational stillness", the effects produced by this wave can be noticeable quite well.

The impact of this gravitational wave with the Earth magnetic nucleus has caused many deep earthquakes, particularly during the rise front of the wave and during the peaks where the changes of the slope of signal are higher. Furthermore, many volcanos around the world have been re-activating. In the next weeks it will be more evident. Because of the higher magnetic field, the interaction of this wave with the Sun was stronger. In the next months (the Sun needs more time to show it) its effects will reach the surface and an increase of the number of sunspots, flares, flux of energetic particles, etc... can be observed as well.

Rome, 19 April 2004: Data of beginning of February have been restored, while some data of March were lost.

The redshift analysis of the Gravitational Waves has been updated.

Rome, 9 March 2004: Some troubles with the Personal Computer caused the lost of some Detector N. 3 data of beginning of February.

Please, note that the quite small ripple on Detector N. 3 data on 2 January 2004 is due to the Wheatstone bridge zero-adjusting.

Rome, 19 January 2004: Since 1st September 2003, graphs include also the signal of the new Detector N. 3 that has been put into operation at the end of 2002. The new signal (1 reading per minute) seems to be more precise than Detector N. 1 signal (1 reading every 20 minutes).

A preliminary analysis of the graph of December shows us that a new series of collapses with approx. 8.5 days of distance between the (fork) peaks has started. The previous collapses (11.5 days of distance between the peaks) seems to be, after two years, quite extinguished.

Rome, 8 November 2003: Monthly graph of October 2003 whith a new series of graphs made by GNUplot program are included.

Rome, 1 September 2003: This web site has been completely revised. All technical matter is, now, included in Portable Document Format as well as in Postscript.

Photos and other illustrating material are given in a more suitable formats (GIF, JPEG, etc...).

The documents are also given in their original language (italian). All the documents have been generated in the TeX/Latex environment and traslated by dvips and ps2pdf programs.

A short introduction (english only) for each document has been included.

Comments and suggestions to make more readable all the material are well accepted.